Theories of Personality (9th Edition)

Theories of Personality (9th Edition)

Author: Jess Feist, Gregory Feist, Tomi-Ann Roberts

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The ninth edition of Theories of Personality continues to emphasize the strong and unique features of earlier editions, namely the overviews near the beginning of each chapter, a lively writing style, the thought-provoking concepts of humanity as seen by each theorist, and the structured evaluations of each theory. Annotated suggested readings are now available online with Connect®, McGraw-Hill Education’s integrated assignment and assessment platform. As were the previous editions, the ninth edition is based on original sources and the most recent formulation of each theory. Early concepts and models are included only if they retained their importance in the later theory or if they provided vital groundwork for understanding the final theory.

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What makes people behave as they do? Are people ordinarily aware of what they are doing, or are their
behaviors the result of hidden, unconscious motives? Are some people naturally good and others basically
evil? Or do all people have potential to be either good or evil? Is human conduct largely a product of
nature, or is it shaped mostly by environmental influences? Can people freely choose to mold their personality,
or are their lives determined by forces beyond their control? Are people best described by their
similarities, or is uniqueness the dominant characteristic of humans? What causes some people to develop
disordered personalities whereas others seem to grow toward psychological health?
These questions have been asked and debated by philosophers, scholars, and religious thinkers for
several thousand years; but most of these discussions were based on personal opinions that were colored
by political, economic, religious, and social considerations. Then, near the end of the 19th century, some
progress was made in humanity’s ability to organize, explain, and predict its own actions. The emergence
of psychology as the scientific study of human behavior marked the beginning of a more systematic approach
to the study of human personality.
Early personality theorists, such as Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, and Carl Jung, relied mostly on
clinical observations to construct models of human behavior. Although their data were more systematic
and reliable than those of earlier observers, these theorists continued to rely on their own individualized
way of looking at things, and thus they arrived at different conceptions of the nature of humanity.
Later personality theorists tended to use more empirical studies to learn about human behavior. These
theorists developed tentative models, tested hypotheses, and then reformulated their models. In other words, they
applied the tools of scientific inquiry and scientific theory to the area of human personality. Science, of course,
is not divorced from speculation, imagination, and creativity, all of which are needed to formulate theories. Each
of the personality theorists discussed in this book has evolved a theory based both on empirical observations
and on imaginative speculation. Moreover, each theory is a reflection of the personality of its creator.
Thus, the different theories discussed in these pages are a reflection of the unique cultural background,
family experiences, and professional training of their originators. The usefulness of each theory,
however, is not evaluated on the personality of its author but on its ability to (1) generate research, (2) offer
itself to falsification, (3) integrate existing empirical knowledge, and (4) suggest practical answers to
everyday problems. Therefore, we evaluate each of the theories discussed in this book on the basis of
these four criteria as well as on (5) its internal consistency and (6) its simplicity. In addition, some personality
theories have fertilized other fields, such as sociology, education, psychotherapy, advertising,
management, mythology, counseling, art, literature, and religion.

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Ebook details:
عنوان: Theories Of Personality, 9Th Edition [Paperback] Feist
نویسنده: Feist
ناشر: Mc Graw Hill India; 9th edition (September 18, 2018)
زبان: English
شابک: 9353162076, 978-9353162078
حجم: 14 Mb
فرمت: TRU pdf

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Cover Title Page Copyright About the Author Content Preface Connect Acknowledgments Part I Introduction Chapter 1 Introduction to Personality Theory What Is Personality? What Is a Theory? Part II Psychodynamic Theories Chapter 2 Freud: Psychoanalysis Overview of Psychoanalytic Theory Biography of Sigmund Freud Levels of Mental Life Provinces of the Mind Dynamics of Personality Defense Mechanisms Stages of Development Applications of Psychoanalytic Theory Related Research Critique of Freud Concept of Humanity Chapter 3 Adler: Individual Psychology Overview of Individual Psychology Biography of Alfred Adler Introduction to Adlerian Theory Striving for Success or Superiority Subjective Perceptions Unity and Self-Consistency of Personality Social Interest Style of Life Creative Power Abnormal Development Applications of Individual Psychology Related Research Critique of Adler Concept of Humanity Chapter 4 Jung: Analytical Psychology Overview of Analytical Psychology Biography of Carl Jung Levels of the Psyche Dynamics of Personality Psychological Types Development of Personality Jung’s Methods of Investigation Related Research Critique of Jung Concept of Humanity Chapter 5 Klein: Object Relations Theory Overview of Object Relations Theory Biography of Melanie Klein Introduction to Object Relations Theory Psychic Life of the Infant Positions Psychic Defense Mechanisms Internalizations Later Views on Object Relations Psychotherapy Related Research Critique of Object Relations Theory Concept of Humanity Chapter 6 Horney: Psychoanalytic Social Theory Overview of Psychoanalytic Social Theory Biography of Karen Horney Introduction to Psychoanalytic Social Theory Basic Hostility and Basic Anxiety Compulsive Drives Intrapsychic Conflicts Feminine Psychology Psychotherapy Related Research Critique of Horney Concept of Humanity Chapter 7 Erikson: Post-Freudian Theory Overview of Post-Freudian Theory Biography of Erik Erikson The Ego in Post-Freudian Theory Stages of Psychosocial Development Erikson’s Methods of Investigation Related Research Critique of Erikson Concept of Humanity Chapter 8 Fromm: Humanistic Psychoanalysis Overview of Humanistic Psychoanalysis Biography of Erich Fromm Fromm’s Basic Assumptions Human Needs The Burden of Freedom Character Orientations Personality Disorders Psychotherapy Fromm’s Methods of Investigation Related Research Critique of Fromm Concept of Humanity Part III Humanistic/Existential Theories Chapter 9 Maslow: Holistic-Dynamic Theory Overview of Holistic-Dynamic Theory Biography of Abraham H. Maslow Maslow’s View of Motivation Self-Actualization Maslow’s Psychology and Philosophy of Science Measuring Self-Actualization The Jonah Complex Psychotherapy Related Research Critique of Maslow Concept of Humanity Chapter 10 Rogers: Person-Centered Theory Overview of Client-Centered Theory Biography of Carl Rogers Person-Centered Theory Psychotherapy The Person of Tomorrow Philosophy of Science The Chicago Studies Related Research Critique of Rogers Concept of Humanity Chapter 11 May: Existential Psychology Overview of Existential Psychology Biography of Rollo May Background of Existentialism The Case of Philip Anxiety Guilt Intentionality Care, Love, and Will Freedom and Destiny The Power of Myth Psychopathology Psychotherapy Related Research Critique of May Concept of Humanity Part IV Dispositional Theories Chapter 12 Allport: Psychology of the Individual Overview of Allport’s Psychology of the Individual Biography of Gordon Allport Allport’s Approach to Personality Theory Structure of Personality Motivation The Study of the Individual Related Research Critique of Allport Concept of Humanity Chapter 13 McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Trait Theory Overview of Trait and Factor Theories The Pioneering Work of Raymond B. Cattell Basics of Factor Analysis The Big Five: Taxonomy or Theory? Biographies of Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa, Jr. In Search of the Big Five Evolution of the Five-Factor Theory Related Research Critique of Trait and Factor Theories Concept of Humanity Part V Biological/Evolutionary Theories Chapter 14 Eysenck’s Biologically Based Factor Theory Overview of Biologically Based Trait Theory Biography of Hans J. Eysenck Eysenck’s Factor Theory Dimensions of Personality Measuring Personality Biological Bases of Personality Personality as a Predictor Related Research Critique of Eysenck’s Biologically Based Theory Concept of Humanity Chapter 15 Buss: Evolutionary Theory of Personality Overview of Evolutionary Theory Biography of David Buss Principles of Evolutionary Psychology Evolutionary Theory of Personality Common Misunderstandings in Evolutionary Theory Related Research Critique of Evolutionary Theory of Personality Concept of Humanity Part VI Learning-Cognitive Theories Chapter 16 Skinner: Behavioral Analysis Overview of Behavioral Analysis Biography of B. F. Skinner Precursors to Skinner’s Scientific Behaviorism Scientific Behaviorism Conditioning The Human Organism The Unhealthy Personality Psychotherapy Related Research Critique of Skinner Concept of Humanity Chapter 17 Bandura: Social Cognitive Theory Overview of Social Cognitive Theory Biography of Albert Bandura Learning Triadic Reciprocal Causation Human Agency Self-Regulation Dysfunctional Behavior Therapy Related Research Critique of Bandura Concept of Humanity Chapter 18 Rotter and Mischel: Cognitive Social Learning Theory Overview of Cognitive Social Learning Theory Biography of Julian Rotter Introduction to Rotter’s Social Learning Theory Predicting Specific Behaviors Predicting General Behaviors Maladaptive Behavior Psychotherapy Introduction to Mischel’s Personality Theory Biography of Walter Mischel Background of the Cognitive-Affective Personality System Cognitive-Affective Personality System Related Research Critique of Cognitive Social Learning Theory Concept of Humanity Chapter 19 Kelly: Psychology of Personal Constructs Overview of Personal Construct Theory Biography of George Kelly Kelly’s Philosophical Position Personal Constructs Applications of Personal Construct Theory Related Research Critique of Kelly Concept of Humanity Glossary References Name Index Subject Index

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